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10 April 2002
20020409 Week Rotation Today Rotation Week 20020411

Welcome to the Flare Prediction System. This page lists the active regions present on the Sun today, together with their probability of producing C-, M-, or X-class events. Flare probabilities are calculated using NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center data combined over 1969-1976 and 1988-1996 (details of which can be found in Bloomfield et al., 2012, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 747, L41, along with full forecast verification testing). The percentage probabilities are based on the number of flares produced by regions classified using the McIntosh classification scheme (McIntosh, P., 1990, Solar Physics, 125, 251) during cycles 21 and 22. For example, over both time periods there were 377 regions classified Eai. As this class produced 131 M-class events, the mean M-class flare rate is ~131/377 or ~0.347 flares per day. Assuming the number of flares per unit time is governed by Poisson statistics, we can estimate a flaring probability for the following 24-hours using P( one or more flares ) = 1 - exp( -mean ), i.e., P = 1 - exp( -0.347 ) ~ 0.29, or 29% for an Eai class region to produce one or more M-class flares in the next 24-hours.

See Gallagher, P. T., Moon, Y.-J., Wang, H., Solar Physics, 209, 171, (2002),
Wheatland, M. S., 2001, Solar Physics, 203, 87 and Moon et al., 2001, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106(A12) 29951 for further details.

Click here for a description of the various active region classifications from the Royal Observatory of Belgium.

Region Flare Probabilities (%)
Number McIntosh C-class M-class X-class
No Prediction Found

NOTE: Occurrence of '...' indicates that McIntosh class was not observed in the period over which the Poisson flare rate statistics were determined. Values in parantheses/brackets give the NOAA/SWPC forecast probabilities for the occurrence of one or more C-, M-, or X-class flares. When viewed in real-time and before 22:00 UT, NOAA predictions are valid up to 22:00 UT on the current date. When viewed in real-time after 22:00 UT (or when viewing past dates), NOAA predictions are valid up to 22:00 UT on the following date. The most recent data can also be found at NOAA's 3-day Space Weather Predictions page.

Please contact Peter Gallagher if you have any comments or questions regarding this research.

Today's/Yesterday's NOAA Active Regions
NOAA Number
McIntosh Class
Sunspot Area
Number of Spots
09887 N04W91
βγδ/βγ Eao/Eao 0250/0420 05/06 -
09888 S11W86
βγδ/βγ Cso/Cso 0040/0110 02/04 -
09893 N19W14
βγδ/βγδ Eai/Fhi 0490/0450 25/27 -
09896 S11E07
αγδ/αγδ Hsx/Hsx 0100/0080 02/01 -
09897 S02W57
βγδ/βγδ Cso/Dso 0020/0030 02/06 -
09898 S19E11
βγδ/βγδ Bxo/Cro 0010/0010 04/04 -
09899 N18E19
βγδ/βγδ Dso/Cko 0190/0220 06/03 -
09900 S29W33
βγδ/βγδ Eai/Eai 0180/0150 20/20 -
09901 N19W03
βγδ/βγδ Dai/Dai 0200/0130 11/17 -
09902 N13E40
βγδ/βγδ Eso/Cso 0120/0090 04/03 -
09903 N19E47
βγδ/βγδ Cao/Dso 0050/0060 04/03 -
09904 S16W21
βγδ/βγδ Cao/Cao 0060/0060 07/07 -
09905 S17W10
βγδ/- Cso/--- 0040/---- 04/-- -

Class (HH:MM) -Today
Class (HH:MM) -Yesterday

Events not associated with currently named NOAA regions: None

Note: The tabulated data are based on the most recent NOAA/USAF Active Region Summary issued on 10-Apr-2002 00:30 . The greyed out and light-blue entries are values from the previous day. Slashed cells indicate that the active region has no spots. The latest positions of the active regions are given in both heliographic and heliocentric co-ordinates. The region positions are valid on 10-Apr-2002 23:30 .