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3 April 2001
20010402 Week Rotation Today Rotation Week 20010404

Welcome to the Flare Prediction System. This page lists the active regions present on the Sun today, together with their probability of producing C-, M-, or X-class events. Flare probabilities are calculated using NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center data combined over 1969-1976 and 1988-1996 (details of which can be found in Bloomfield et al., 2012, The Astrophysical Journal Letters, 747, L41, along with full forecast verification testing). The percentage probabilities are based on the number of flares produced by regions classified using the McIntosh classification scheme (McIntosh, P., 1990, Solar Physics, 125, 251) during cycles 21 and 22. For example, over both time periods there were 377 regions classified Eai. As this class produced 131 M-class events, the mean M-class flare rate is ~131/377 or ~0.347 flares per day. Assuming the number of flares per unit time is governed by Poisson statistics, we can estimate a flaring probability for the following 24-hours using P( one or more flares ) = 1 - exp( -mean ), i.e., P = 1 - exp( -0.347 ) ~ 0.29, or 29% for an Eai class region to produce one or more M-class flares in the next 24-hours.

See Gallagher, P. T., Moon, Y.-J., Wang, H., Solar Physics, 209, 171, (2002),
Wheatland, M. S., 2001, Solar Physics, 203, 87 and Moon et al., 2001, Journal of Geophysical Research-Space Physics, 106(A12) 29951 for further details.

Click here for a description of the various active region classifications from the Royal Observatory of Belgium.

Region Flare Probabilities (%)
Number McIntosh C-class M-class X-class
No Prediction Found

NOTE: Occurrence of '...' indicates that McIntosh class was not observed in the period over which the Poisson flare rate statistics were determined. Values in parantheses/brackets give the NOAA/SWPC forecast probabilities for the occurrence of one or more C-, M-, or X-class flares. When viewed in real-time and before 22:00 UT, NOAA predictions are valid up to 22:00 UT on the current date. When viewed in real-time after 22:00 UT (or when viewing past dates), NOAA predictions are valid up to 22:00 UT on the following date. The most recent data can also be found at NOAA's 3-day Space Weather Predictions page.

Please contact Peter Gallagher if you have any comments or questions regarding this research.

Today's/Yesterday's NOAA Active Regions
NOAA Number
McIntosh Class
Sunspot Area
Number of Spots
09393 N16W84
βγδ/βγδ Fkc/Fkc 1810/1700 40/53 -
09395 S13W74
αγδ/αγδ Hsx/Hsx 0020/0020 01/01 -
09397 S08W62
βγδ/βγδ Cao/Eao 0080/0090 09/16 -
09401 N21W66
βγδ/βγδ Cao/Eao 0140/0180 13/19 -
09404 S05W31
βγδ/βγδ Dso/Dai 0050/0080 12/22 -
09406 N27W10
αγδ/αγδ Hax/Hax 0200/0160 02/03 -
09407 N12W15
αγδ/βγδ Hsx/Cso 0080/0110 02/07 -
09408 S09W45
βγδ/βγδ Eki/Eki 0310/0340 24/34 -
09412 S13E24
αγδ/βγδ Hax/Dso 0040/0040 02/03 -
09413 N10W44
βγδ/βγδ Dso/Cao 0030/0020 07/04 -
09414 S21E44
αγδ/αγδ Hsx/Hsx 0020/0020 01/01 -
09415 S22E58
βγδ/- Dko/--- 0470/---- 05/-- -
09416 N17W32
βγδ/- Dso/--- 0040/---- 06/-- -
09417 S10E29
αγδ/- Axx/--- 0000/---- 01/-- -

Class (HH:MM) -Today
Class (HH:MM) -Yesterday

Events not associated with currently named NOAA regions: None

Note: The tabulated data are based on the most recent NOAA/USAF Active Region Summary issued on 03-Apr-2001 00:30 . The greyed out and light-blue entries are values from the previous day. Slashed cells indicate that the active region has no spots. The latest positions of the active regions are given in both heliographic and heliocentric co-ordinates. The region positions are valid on 03-Apr-2001 23:30 .